Woody Island Anti-submarine Loop Station
Another of the US Navy
Indicator Loop Stations was operated at Woody Island, Kodiak, Alaska, USA.
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Dr Richard Walding
Research Fellow - School of Science
The photo below is of the "Naval Net Depot" at Woody Island. It was taken by Elmer Aemmer in 1942. On the left is the loop station consisting of the main loop building (24' x 28') and the loop generator hut (9' x 12') to its right. The loop officers' quarters - obscured by the trees - was a 30' x 12' wooden building joined to the loop hut by a wooden walkway. On the right of the photo is the shop, the school and teachers' house, a variety of sheds and a power house. The photo comes from the excellent Woody Island Military History site.
Woody Island is about 2.6 miles east of Kodiak, mid-way along the southern coast of Alaska (Lat 57°47' N, Long 152° 20' W). The Russians used Woody Island as an agricultural colony as early as 1792. In 1911 the US Navy built a wireless station on the island and with Japanese expansion in the Aleutian Island Chain, the island's importance increased. In 1939, the US Navy occupied quarters on West Woody Island and the Federal Aviation Agency shifted its facilities from West Woody to East Woody Is.. In December 1942 anti-submarine magnetic indicator loop stations were installed on the island. Two sets of loop cables were laid: the smaller loop was laid between Woody Island and Kodiak Island, about midway along the channel between the two islands; the larger loop ran between the tip of Cliff Point and the southern tip of Woody Island. In November 1943, anti-torpedo nets, 30' deep, for protection against the torpedo rather than the submarine, were substituted for the heavier nets laid in October 1942. After the war, the naval station continued to serve as a navigational station but in 1973 the station became unmanned.
A section of the map of the US Naval Reserve at Woody Island. Original scale 1" = 100 feet, NAS Drawing No. K-3-14, 120, drawn April 4, 1944, revised 2 December 1952.
A RECENT PHOTO
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