AROUND THE WORLD

Anti-submarine Indicator Loop stations in the United States
North Scituate - Boston, MA


Drawing by Gerry Butler

Loop receiving stations, as they were known, were operated by the United States Navy.  They were used in WW2 as part of the Harbor Defenses and consisted of indicator loops, controlled minefields, boom nets, fixed sonar (the Herald: harbor echo ranging and listening devices). This page deals specifically with the indicator loop antisubmarine defences between Fourth Cliff (North Scituate) and Provincetown on the northern tip of Cape Code, Massachusetts, USA.


If you have any feedback please email me:

Dr Richard Walding  
Research Fellow - School of Science
Griffith University
Brisbane, Australia
Email: waldingr49@yahoo.com.au

LINKS TO SOME OF MY LOOP PAGES:
  • Indicator Loops around the World (Home Page)
  • How an indicator loop works
  • East Point, Nahant, Massachusetts Loop Receiving Station (USN)
  • USCG (USN) Pequot cableship
  • Reading Loop Signatures

  • The North Scituate indicator loops were most likely between Fourth Cliff and the Peaked Hill Bar on Cape Cod, a distance of about 38 km. The map below shows indicative positions for the loops. These are only estimates of the positions to show how they might be arranged. The exact position awaits confirmation from the USN maps.

     

    Peaked Hill Bar was one of the original nine stations which were erected on Cape Cod in 1872. It is located 2½ miles northeast of Provincetown on the northern tip of Cape Cod. "A more bleak or dangerous stretch of coast can hardly be found in the United States than at this station. The coast near the station rightly bears the name ‘ocean graveyard.’ Sunken rips stretch far Out under the sea at this place, ever ready to grasp the keels of the ships that sail down upon them, and many appalling disasters have taken place here. There are two lines of bars that lie submerged off the shore ... these bars are ever shifting."


    CABLE LAYING - NORTH SCITUATE TO PEAKED HILL BAR

    The photos below have been supplied by Lou Carhart, former sailor aboard the USCG ship Pequot that laid the cables during WW2. The indicator loop 'tail' cable was towed from the shore at Peaked Hill Bar by the Pequot crew using a DUKW amphibious vehicle. The DUKW (popularly pronounced "duck") is a six-wheel-drive truck that was designed by General Motors Corporation during World War II for transporting goods and troops over land and water and for use approaching and crossing beaches in amphibious attacks. There are some good Dukw websites, even the USCG has a good one. The loop 'tail' cable was very heavy - weighing something like 3 tons per mile in air. The photos of the Pequot crew in the DUKW were taken during cable laying at Peaked Hill Bar, Cape Cod 2
    ½ miles NE of Provincetown, Mass.

    1. The Pequot crew aboard the DUKW heading for shore to collect the indicator loop tail cable for joining aboard the Pequot. 2. The heavy, armoured tail cable is being dragged from the Peaked Hill Bar beach by the crew.

    3. The indicator loop tail cable being dragged out to sea. It has 4 cores of  7 strand copper wire insulated with a rubber sheath and armoured with 20 galvanised steel wires, braided with hemp yarns and compounded with a tar preservative. 4. In the name DUKW, the D indicates a vehicle designed in 1942, the U meant "utility (amphibious)", the K indicated all-wheel drive and the W indicated two powered rear axles. General Motors devised the acronym.

    5. The DUKW was powered by a GMC Straight-6 engine of 270 in³ (4.416 L). It weighed 7.5 tons and operated at 6.4 mph (10 km/h) on water and 50-55 mph (80 km/h) on land. The propeller can clearly be seen. 6. The indicator loop 'tail' cable has been tied to the DUKW by the Pequot crew and will be dragged out to the Pequot ready for joining to the loop cables and sealed in a waterproof junction box. The shore-end of the tail cable is connected to the instruments in the shore "loop receiving station" higher up the beach.


    7. The DUKW's tire pressure could be varied from inside the cab. On beach sand the pressure was reduced. 8. The building in the background may be the "Loop Receiving Station" (LRS) where the indicator loop is monitored.


     The interpretation of loop signatures and examples can be found at: Reading Loop Signatures.


  • SOME USN INDICATOR LOOP LINKS

     
  • Fort Tilden (New York) Main Page (USN)
  • Fort Tilden Harbor Entrance Control Post
  • Fort Tilden Loop Receiving Station